Middle East

April 1, 2009

The British also had colonies in the Middle East, such as in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, UAE, and Yemen. These countries were claimed mainly because of the discovery of oil, and because of their access to water, such as the Mediterranean Sea and Persian Gulf. Some of these colonies also had ports which became an important base for the Royal Navy, especially after the opening of the Suez Canal which opened an important link to the route to India. Apart from oil, natural gas, and petroleum, these countries also have fish, shrimps, pearls, phosphates, sulfur, potash, shale oil, copper, asbestos, marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, rock salt, coal, gold, lead, nickel, and fertile soil.

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