April 1, 2009

Africa is the world’s second-largest continent. It covers 6% of the earth’s total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area. It is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Africa has the line of equator and is enriched with numerous climate areas. It is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Moreover Africa is God-gifted with different fertile green lands, fresh water is available for irrigation and these lands can easily fulfill their agriculture demands and also export agricultural goods. It has beautiful islands, and furthermore, it has the world’s largest desert – the Sahara desert. In the southern parts of Africa gold and diamonds are found in abundance.

British longed to get more and more colonies and they always tried to find ways to control them easily. The British wanted to take over Africa mostly to serve their own interests. With all the geographical and economic importance Africa has, British could not resist making efforts to take over Africa. They could maintain and control India as Africa had waterways and a lot of land, this would make it easy for them to control their other colonies. They could not afford to lose possessions of India because it had become the economic center of their empire; moreover, they also focused some of their resources on limiting the power of France and on maintaining their reputation.

When they came to take over Africa they found the Dutch and some other imperialist powers controlling Africa. Most of the African population was Muslim and several different Muslim rulers ruled small territories of Africa as well. Factors like a strong and advanced military, and too many ethnic groups which spoke different languages and had different cultures, weakened Africa and imperialists took over gradually.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: